IVF - Artificial insemination in Turkey 2024 | In Istanbul to the desired child 

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IVF - In vitro Fertilisation in Istanl Turkey

This is our complete guide to artificial insemination in Istanbul, Turkey.

Have you wanted a baby for a long time, but have not been successful naturally? Do not be discouraged! Childlessness can be a great burden for couples. Unfortunately, the topic is still often taboo today. Yet it is not that rare; in Germany alone, around 15% of all couples suffer from an unfulfilled desire to have children.

Turkey is considered one of the leading countries in the world in IVF treatment.

Thanks to the large number of experienced specialists, couples can rely on particularly high-quality and individualized treatment, especially in Istanbul. The frequency of the procedures performed makes the doctors specialists in whom patients from all over the world place their trust. Another advantage is the short flight times from Europe, the quick scheduling of appointments without long waiting times, and the low prices compared to Europe and the USA.

Artificial insemination is a complex treatment method that requires patience. In this article you will learn everything about the process, waiting times, success rates as well as the methods of artificial insemination. This includes information about IVF, insemination, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and GIFT, intratubal gene transfer.

Find out about the best clinics and fertility centers and schedule a free consultation with our most sought-after specialists and doctors.

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What is Artificial Insemination?

Artificial insemination is generally understood as the process of fertilization outside the human body. This is done in a test tube and with the help of technical assistance. In intratubal gene transfer, the actual fertilization takes place in the woman's body, but is forced with technical aids.
Depending on the medical findings, the sperm and eggs of both partners can be used for this purpose or donor material can be used.
Please note that in Turkey the donation of eggs, sperm and embryos is strictly prohibited by law.

Procedure of Artificial Insemination

  • The first step is an accurate diagnosis.
  • First, your attending physician will determine the cause of your infertility. This can have various causes. It must be examined in detail why pregnancy does not occur naturally and what is the reason for the unwanted childlessness.
  • Based on the results of the examination, the most suitable method is then determined. In this way, the highest possible success rate can be achieved.
  • Possible causes can be poor sperm quality, sometimes the male partner simply has too few sperm.
  • In addition, the woman's hormone balance may be disturbed or there may be a disorder of the cervix.
  • Purely organic causes, such as possible inflammation or blockage of the fallopian tubes, must also be clarified before treatment.
  • These are only some of the possible causes. An exact picture and a correct diagnosis can only be made by the attending physician on the basis of gynecological examinations, blood tests and the examination of the male partner. Your attending physician will let you know in time which examinations are necessary during the process.
  • If you have already undergone some examinations in your home country, please be sure to share the results with us, as this may save you and your partner further examinations and you will not have to start from scratch again.


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Types of Artificial Insemination

1.) Insemination

Insemination involves injecting prepared motile sperm into the uterus, cervix, or oviduct using a syringe or soft catheter. Insemination may be recommended for patients with poor sperm quality or quantity and cervical disease. The success rate of this fertility treatment is 10-25%.

If the injection is made with a catheter through the cervical canal directly into the uterus, it is called intrauterine insemination (IUI). To avoid severe allergic reactions, only purified sperm can be used in this method. For this purpose, dead sperm and other cells are removed from the ejaculate and the remaining live sperm are frozen with a preservative to ensure optimal ph. On the day of ovulation, the sperm are then transferred directly into the woman's uterus.

In intracervical insemination (ICI), sperm containing all the ejaculate and natural fluids are injected high into the woman's vagina near the uterine cervix. Only the most motile sperm pass through the cervical mucus into the uterus, similar to natural intercourse.

In intratubal insemination (ITI), the sperm are injected directly into the fallopian tube. This allows them to travel a shorter distance to the uterus. Just as in intrauterine insemination (IUI), the sperm are prepared and purified beforehand.

Depending on the sperm donor, we speak of homologous or heterologous insemination. In homologous insemination, the sperm of the patient's partner is used; in heterologous insemination, the sperm of a donor is used.
Please note that sperm donation is prohibited by law in Turkey.

IVF - In vitro Fertilisation - Insemination

2.) In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In vitro fertilization, or IVF for short, is the best-known method of artificial insemination. Here, fertilization takes place in a special test tube.
On July 25, 1978, Louise Brown was born, the world's first baby conceived through artificial insemination. The date is considered the birth of IVF.

IVF is preceded by medication for the woman. First, the woman's natural ovulation is suppressed. After about 14 days, the egg maturation is stimulated by administering the appropriate hormones. This takes place over a period of about 11 days, during which the blood values and the size and maturity of the eggs are regularly checked by ultrasound.

As soon as enough eggs have matured, ovulation is induced with a hormone injection.
The eggs are then removed from the follicles through the vagina. This is done on an outpatient basis.
The eggs are placed in a test tube in a nutrient solution together with the partner's sperm. After about 16 to 20 hours, it is possible to see whether fertilization has taken place or not.

If fertilization has been successful, 3 to 5 days after egg collection the embryos are transferred through the vagina into the uterus. The number of embryos that can be transferred is regulated by law, please see "What you should know before treatment in Istanbul, Turkey" for details.

If the embryo implants in the uterus and pregnancy begins, this can be detected by measuring the pregnancy hormone HCG in the blood approximately 14 days after the transfer.
One month after embryo transfer, ultrasound is used to determine whether the embryo is alive and whether it is a singleton or multiple pregnancy.

The success rate of IVF treatment is 30-40%.

IVF - in vitro Fertilisation

3.) Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

Just like IVF, ICSI involves fertilization in a test tube, this method is considered a variant of IVF. The difference between the two procedures is the fertilization procedure of the egg

The preparation of the woman is the same. After the mature eggs of the women are collected, spermatozoa are obtained from the male partner either from the ejaculate or surgically from the testicles or epididymis.

One of these sperm cells is injected directly into the woman's egg in the laboratory. The ICSI method is also checked after approximately 16 to 20 hours to determine whether fertilization has taken place or not.

This method is often used when there are too few sperm cells in the male partner's ejaculate, the sperm motility is too low or he is leading under an obstruction of the spermatic ducts.

The success rate of ICSI is about 25%.

4.) Intratubal gamete transfer (GIFT)

Intratubal gamete transfer, also known as GIFT for short, is a mixture of insemination and in vitro fertilization.
This method is used when the causes of infertility are unclear or in cases of endometriosis. When there is endometriosis, tissue similar to endometrium is deposited outside the uterus.

In this method, too, the woman is prepared for the procedure with hormone therapy. After ovulation of the mature eggs has been induced, they are retrieved.
Then the eggs and the sperm are transferred separately into the oviduct. This is done either with the help of a catheter through the cervix or through the abdominal wall.

The actual fertilization of the eggs takes place in the oviduct. The egg then migrates naturally to the uterus and nests there.

The success rate is about 20%.

Things to know before your artificial insemination in Istanbul

In Turkey, the donation of eggs, sperm and embryos is strictly prohibited by law.

Surrogacy is not allowed.

Only married couples will be treated; the clinic you choose will ask for proof of this. Single women or same-gender couples are excluded from treatment.

The law does not set an age limit for IVF treatments, however, there are some clinics that do not treat women over the age of 46.

For women younger than 35, only one embryo may be transferred in the first and second cycles, while three embryos may be transferred in the third cycle.
For women older than 35, transfer of 2 embryos is allowed in the first cycle.

Clinics can keep the embryos for 10 years, but you must provide a reasonable reason for this request. This applies, for example, to cancer patients and women with limited ovarian reserve.

PGD (preimplantation genetic diagnosis) and PGD (aneuploidy screening) are permitted, but the law does not allow gender selection.

To achieve the highest possible success rate, the laboratory plays a very crucial role. Only in a healthy environment can successful fertilization and cultivation of embryos take place.

Another crucial role is played by the experience as well as the qualification of the embryologists, who should be familiar with all modern procedures.

Like any intervention in the natural processes of the human body, artificial insemination also involves certain risks. Before the procedure, let your clinic inform you about the risks.

Aftercare & Downtime

The first 24 hours after embryo transfer are considered the most critical. In order for the embryo to fully implant, it must first attach to the uterine wall. Therefore, you should take it easy, relax and stay at home for the first one or two days. 

Artificial insemination is a process that takes place over several weeks. Discuss with your attending physician when you will need which rest periods.

The Final Result - When do you know, if you are pregnant?

If the embryo implants in the uterus and pregnancy begins, this can be detected by measuring the pregnancy hormone HCG in the blood about 14 days after the transfer.

ivf treatment

Costs of Artificial Insemination in Turkey

The cost of artificial insemination in Turkey starts at around 2,500 euros, with many different factors playing a role. This price is only an approximate guide. In comparison, the cost of the same procedure in the U.S. is around $12,000, while in some European countries the price is around $5,500.

The fertility clinic of your choice can give you more detailed information.

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We would be pleased to talk about your expectations.
You can contact us by phone or Whatsapp  +90 537 977 89 75, email to request@medclinics.com or by using the contact form.


Note: Our contracted hospitals, clinics and physicians will get in touch with you regarding the treatment you have requested. 

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Top Best Clinics for Artificial Insemination - IVF - in Istanbul

Liv-Hospital-Vadistanbul-in-Istanbul-in-Turkiye

LIV Hospital IVF Center excels in successful IVF treatments for aspiring parents. Their top-notch care adheres to global standards and employs cutting-edge methods. Specialized physicians provide tailored treatments, considering medical and emotional aspects. Understanding infertility causes – influenced by factors like age and health conditions – Liv Hospital tailors approaches accordingly. Their holistic focus spans both male and female factors, using advanced diagnostics like semen analysis.

Moreover, Liv Hospital offers a broad spectrum of medical services, encompassing hair and beard transplants, plastic surgeries including breast aesthetics, BBL, Mommy Makeover, and Tummy Tuck, weight loss procedures, dental care, In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF), and eye surgeries like laser and smart lens procedures.

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