Stem cells - Best All-Rounders in our Body | Best Therapy, Clinics & Costs 2024

Discover the best doctors and clinics for your stem cell therapy in Istanbul in Turkey!

Stem Cell Therapy in Istanbul in Turkey

This is our complete guide to stem cell therapy in Istanbul, Turkey.

Looking for an effective therapy for Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis (MS), or autism? Stem cells offer you an alternative approach in the treatment of these diseases.

In Turkey, stem cell research is one of the fastest growing medical practices in the last decade.

Stem cells have great potential in the treatment of diseases such as autism, cerebral palsy, type 1 diabetes, Parkinson's disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), multiple sclerosis (MS), Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis and many more.

Especially in Turkey, patients can count on a particularly high quality as well as the experience of the doctors due to the large number of procedures. Because of the frequent use of stem cell therapy, one can find experts and specialists here who are trusted by patients from all over the world. The prices in Turkey are moderate compared to Europe and the USA, short flight times from Europe as well as a fast appointment scheduling are a great advantage.

In this article you will learn everything about stem cells, areas of application and possibilities. This includes information on how stem cells are collected, their different types, what diseases they are used to treat, as well as how they are used in today's medicine.

Get to know the best clinics and doctors and schedule a free consultation with one of our most sought-after specialists.

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Stem Cell Therapy in Istanbul

What are stem cells?

Stem cells are often referred to as the all-rounders in our body.

They are cells that can multiply in large numbers. They are not yet specialized and can therefore develop into other cells in the body, such as heart muscle, blood or nerve cells. There they can repair damaged tissue.
In comparison, muscle, blood or nerve cells, for example, cannot reproduce themselves.

Stem cells are found in various parts of the body, including bone marrow, blood and umbilical cord blood.

Stem cells can be used to treat autismcerebral palsytype 1 diabetes, Parkinson's diseasechronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)multiple sclerosis (MS)Crohn's disease, and ulcerative colitis.

What are the different kinds of stem cells?

There are three types of stem cells:

1.) Embryonic stem cells.

These cells are derived from embryos and can develop into any type of body cell.

2) Adult stem cells

They are found in various tissues of the body, including blood, adipose tissue, as well as bone marrow. Somatic stem cells, as adult stem cells are also called, can develop into some, but not all cell types.

3) Induced pluripotent stem cells - iP S cells.

These are adult stem cells that are reprogrammed by the introduction of DNA. The resulting cells are called pluripotent stem cells, are very similar in structure to embryonic stem cells, and can transform into almost any cell type just like embryonic cells.
Research in this field is still in the initial stages, but iP S cells are much less problematic ethically than embryonic stem cells.


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Stem Cell Therapy in Istanbul in Turkey

When is stem cell therapy indicated?

Intensive research has been ongoing in the field of stem cell therapy for many years.

Stem cells are taken either from the patient's own body or from a donor, isolated and purified, and then injected or transplanted into the patient's body.

Regenerative medicine

Stem cell therapy is used in regenerative medicine, which aims to cure diseases by restoring cells, tissues or organs. These include the treatment of leukemia, spinal cord injuries, type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson's disease and lupus, the repair of damaged bones, cartilage and muscles, and the replacement of damaged organs.

Cosmetics

In cosmetics, stem cell therapy is mainly used to improve skin hydration, tone and elasticity, giving patients a youthful appearance.

Stem cell therapy in Istanbul near me

The types of stem cell therapy

1) Autologous stem cell therapy.

This method refers to treatment with the patient's own stem cells. In many cases, stem cells are removed from the patient and frozen in order to be reintroduced after high-dose chemotherapy. It is often used for leukemia and lymphoma.

2) Allogeneic stem cell therapy

This treatment does not use the patient's own stem cells, but stem cells from a donor, often a close relative, are used. This method is commonly used for blood diseases such as sickle cell anemia and thalassemia.

3.) Mesenchymal stem cell therapy

These stem cells are found in bone marrow and can develop into various cells of supporting and connective tissues, such as cartilage, bone and fat. This method is used, among others, in the treatment of osteoarthritis and autoimmune diseases.

4) Embryonic stem cell therapy

Stem cells derived from human embryos can differentiate into any required type of cell and are used to treat various diseases, including spinal cord injuries and Parkinson's disease.

5) Induced pluripotent stem cell therapy

The body's own stem cells, e.g. skin cells, are taken from the patient and then reprogrammed so that they can develop into different cell types.
Here, research is still in the early stages.

Stem cells - the Allrounders in our body.jpg

Stem cells from foreskin

The male foreskin contains numerous stem cells, the so-called neonatal fibroblasts. These are cultivated and multiplied in the laboratory before being used for therapeutic purposes.

It is not yet known exactly by what mechanism these cells have such a positive effect on the body, but it is assumed that, among other things, the release of growth factors stimulates the natural healing processes in the body. They are also assumed to have an anti-inflammatory effect and support the regeneration of tissue.

Usually, the foreskin is removed in hospitals or clinics that offer circumcision. It is a piece of tissue that is not classified as an organ.

Therefore, while parents must consent to the use of their child's foreskin for therapeutic purposes, it is not an organ donation. The use of foreskin tissue for therapeutic or research purposes is strictly regulated by the Turkish Ministry of Health to protect both the donor and potential recipients.

In theory, adults can also undergo circumcision and then be treated with the stem cells obtained from their own foreskin. However, the collection and use of stem cells is a complex process. It requires special laboratory equipment to perform cell isolation, expansion, and differentiation, and requires significant expertise. It is not a simple and commonly available treatment option.

Its success depends, among other things, on the condition to be treated and the quality and quantity of stem cells obtained from the foreskin.

Stem-Cell-Therapy-in-Cosmetic-in-Istanbul

Which Diseases Are Treated With Stem Cell Therapy?

Stem cells can play a promising role in the treatment of many different diseases. These include heart disease, diabetes type 1, bone marrow failure, multiple sclerosis (MS), muscular dystrophy, ulcerative colitis, brain damage, autism, osteoarthritis, Parkinson's disease, corneal damage, retinitis pigmentosa and other eye diseases, Crohn's disease, bone diseases, COPD, cerebral palsy, and cancer treatment. Of course, stem cell therapy may not be suitable for every patient. You should definitely be examined by a specialized doctor.

Stem Cell Therapy for COPD

Stem Cell Therapy in Cosmetic

In cosmetics, stem cells are primarily expected to serve skin rejuvenation by stimulating the production of new cells in the body. The idea behind this is that stem cells can also differentiate into the cells involved in skin repair and rejuvenation.

All three types of stem cells can be used here, adult, induced pluripotent and embryonic. The use of embryonic stem cells is controversial and strictly regulated in many countries due to ethnic concerns.

For example, in Alloblast therapy, which has recently become increasingly popular, stem cells called fibroblast cells are obtained from the foreskin of recently circumcised babies. The cells are multiplied in the laboratory and then injected to the patient.

In another treatment for skin rejuvenation, fatty tissue is removed from the abdomen, purified and then injected into the patient's face under the skin. This is said to stimulate collagen production.

Stem cell therapy is also becoming increasingly important in the treatment of hair loss.

Animal stem cells are sometimes used in cosmetics, however this increases the risk of allergic reactions.

In general, the use of stem cells in cosmetics is a relatively new field of research. So far, there is no clear scientific proof of their effectiveness.

Procedure of Stem Cell Therapy

The first step is an accurate diagnosis.

Firstly, the hospital will request all documents and test results from you in order to get an accurate picture of your condition and the possible treatment methods. In an online consultation, you will discuss with the doctor your medical history, the course of your disease to date, and the treatments you have received so far.

The results will be used to decide whether you are suitable for a stem cell therapy in principle. Various factors play a role, among others you must have a good general condition, be free of infections or disorders of the immune system, have sufficient stem cells or a suitable donor must be available.

If the basic requirements are fulfilled, an appointment will be made with your clinic, where you will be thoroughly examined again and undergo various tests.

If everything is positive as expected, the appropriate preparations are made and the treatment can be started.

After the stem cells are transferred to your body, they will move to the spot in your body where they are needed and differentiate into the specific cell types needed to repair or replace the damaged tissue.

Your stay in Turkey will depend on a number of factors. Important here are the type of stem cell therapy that will be used on you, the complexity of the overall treatment, and your individual recovery process.

Also, after the treatment, various medical tests and examinations are necessary to monitor the success of the therapy.

Stem Cells Therapy  Türkiye

Before stem cell therapy - Good to know

In Turkey, stem cell therapy is legal. The regulations are governed by the Turkish Ministry of Health, which precisely defines the use of the therapy in medical practice. This ensures the safety of both patients and donors.

Stem cells are found in various tissues in the body. Sources include embryo, amniotic fluid, fetus, umbilical cord blood, umbilical cord, bone marrow, and all other tissues of the body such as fat, cartilage tissue, and skin.

In Turkey, stem cells are mainly extracted from bone marrow, adipose tissue and umbilical cord.

There are trillions of stem cells in the human body in the various tissues and organs. The number varies according to age, health status and other individual factors and may change during a lifetime.

Bone marrow is one of the main sources of stem cells in the body. Bone marrow transplants have been performed for years with great success. For this purpose, 0.5-1.5 l of bone marrow is usually taken from the stem cell donor. This is reproduced by the human body within a few weeks.

It depends on the type of therapy and the general condition of the patient how much stem cells are needed for a successful therapy. Often small amounts are sufficient, while some other patients require a larger quantity.

Adult stem cells are often difficult to multiply in the laboratory. Often there are not enough for a successful therapy.

Stem cell therapy in Istanbul

Multiplication of stem cells in the body

During the whole life, the body produces stem cells. However, due to various factors, such as age, illness or injury, this production can decrease.

To increase them, you should pay attention to regular exercise, a balanced diet as well as sufficient sleep and reduce stress. According to some studies, intermittent fasting can also increase the production of stem cells in the body.

However, these natural methods cannot be used as a substitute for stem cell therapy if you have a disease that requires it.
In this case, you should consult a doctor for medical assistance.

Was the Therapy a Success?

It may take some time to fully understand whether stem cell therapy has been successful. Usually, success is measured by the improvement or elimination of symptoms and the increase in overall quality of life.

Often, success can only be measured by individual factors, such as the elimination of pain, decrease in swelling, or increase in exercise tolerance.

In the case of spinal cord injuries, for example, improvement in motor or sensory function can be additionally confirmed by objective measures such as imaging studies or laboratory tests.

Stem cell therapy is a long-term process that requires patience. Success is not always guaranteed, and patients should have realistic expectations.

Your treating doctor will discuss the details with you.


Stem-cell-therapy-in-Istanbul-in-Turkey

Aftercare and Downtime

In stem cell therapy, aftercare is a very important factor to achieve the best possible result. Your doctor will discuss all the specifics with you in detail.

However, depending on the disease and treatment, you will usually need to take certain rest periods, you may be given medication to reduce pain and swelling, or you may be advised to undergo physiotherapy to support the process. A change in diet or lifestyle may also be necessary.

Please be sure to keep your follow-up appointments and inform your doctor immediately if you experience any unexpected side effects.

Depending on the type of procedure and treatment, downtime after stem cell therapy varies. Some therapies are minimally invasive and require no downtime, while others require a longer recovery period.

In general, you may experience mild to moderate discomfort, bruising or swelling. Depending on this, you may need to limit your activities accordingly.

Your treating doctor will inform you in detail about the side effects and possible downtime to be expected in all cases before the procedure.

Stem Cell Therapy in Istanbul

Costs of Stem Cell Therapy

In Turkey, stem cell therapy is often less expensive than in Europe and the USA. While here the average cost is between $7,000 and $15,000 per treatment, in Europe it is between $10,000 and $20,000, and in the U.S. it can be as high as $25,000.

These figures are estimated costs, which can vary depending on the type of treatment and the disease.

It is important that you seek treatment at a reliable and trustworthy hospital that has experience in this area and provides appropriate information and follow-up care.

Stem Cells - FAQ

WHAT IS STEM CELL THERAPY?

Stem cell therapy is the treatment of a specific condition with stem cells. These are special cells that can develop into different cell types in the body.

WHAT DISEASES CAN BE TREATED WITH IT?

The best known is probably bone marrow transplantation, which has been used successfully for years.
In addition, stem cell therapy is used for a variety of diseases, including arthritis, heart disease, spinal cord injury, leukemia and diabetes.

IS STEM CELL THERAPY DANGEROUS?

In general, the method is considered safe, but like any medical procedure, it involves certain risks. These include infection, bleeding and allergic reaction of the body.

IS IT SAFE TO HAVE STEM CELL THERAPY IN ISTANBUL?

In Turkey, stem cell research is one of the fastest growing medical practices in the last decade.

Especially in Istanbul, patients can count on a particularly high quality as well as on the high experience of the doctors due to the large number of procedures. Due to the frequent use of stem cell therapy, one can find specialists here who are trusted by patients from all over the world. 

WHAT DOES STEM CELL THERAPY COST IN ISTANBUL?

In Turkey, the average cost is between $7,000 and $15,000 per treatment. In comparison, in Europe it costs between $10,000 and $20,000, and in the U.S. it can be as high as $25,000.

These are estimated costs, which may vary depending on the type of treatment and the disease.

FROM WHERE DO THE DOCTORS GET THE STEM CELLS FOR TREATMENT?

Stem cells are found in various tissues in the body. Sources include embryo, amniotic fluid, fetus, umbilical cord blood, umbilical cord, bone marrow and all other tissues of the body such as fat, cartilage tissue and skin.
In Turkey, stem cells are mainly obtained from bone marrow, fatty tissue and umbilical cord.

IS STEM CELL THERAPY LEGAL IN TURKEY?

Stem cell therapy is legal in Turkey. Strict regulations are in place by the Turkish Ministry of Health, which precisely defines the use of the therapy in medical practice. This ensures the safety of both patients and donors.

WHY IS STEM CELL RESEARCH BANNED IN GERMANY?

In Germany, the import and use of human embryos for German research was prohibited in general on April 25, 2002.
In Germany, the Embryo Protection Act prohibits the production of more embryos in artificial insemination than are implanted in the woman.
Any manipulation of the human embryo other than to preserve it is also prohibited.
The law is intended to protect embryos and human beings as such.

WHAT ARE EMBRYO STEM CELLS?

These cells are extracted from human embryos and can develop into any type of body cell. Artificial insemination performed outside Germany often produces more embryos than can actually be implanted in the woman. If the couples provide these surplus embryos for research purposes, stem cells can be obtained from them.

In the process of obtaining embryonic stem cells, the embryo is destroyed. Therefore, research in this field is ethically highly controversial. In principle, the question must be clarified from which point the embryo is to be protected as a human being.

Science, on the other hand, hopes that embryo research will find therapies and treatment options for diseases that were previously considered incurable.

HOW ARE THE STEM CELLS PLACED IN THE PATIENT'S BODY?

There are different ways to adopt the stem cells depending on the disease to be treated and the field of application.
This can be done either by intravenous infusion, by injections or by surgical implantation.

WHAT ARE THE DISADVANTAGES OF STEM CELL THERAPY?

Stem cell therapy is not suitable for all patients, its availability is limited and the therapy is associated with high costs, which are not always covered by health insurance.
Other disadvantages include rejection and infection risk, as well as ethical concerns.
If the stem cells are not properly controlled and purified, they can even develop into tumors.

WHO CAN DONATE STEM CELLS?

Stem cell donors must not have any infections, immune system diseases or infectious diseases.
In Turkey, any healthy person between the ages of 18 and 50 who weighs at least 50 kg can donate stem cells.
In Germany, stem cell donation is allowed up to the age of 55.

Stem cell donations are basically voluntary, and the donor does not receive any financial compensation.

WHEN WILL I KNOW IF THE STEM CELL THERAPY WAS SUCCESSFUL?

It can take some time to fully assess whether stem cell therapy has been successful. As a rule, success is measured by the improvement or elimination of symptoms and an increase in the general quality of life.

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